What is PCOS?

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, mostly known as PCOS, is the formation of tiny cysts on the ovaries. The cysts form due to variations in the hormones that travel between the brain and ovaries. Due to these variations, women suffering from PCOS undergo several physical and emotional changes.

 These cysts are not deadly, but they disrupt the biological system of a woman and eventually affect the mental health and overall well-being of the victim. So, proper medical attention and intervention should be given in the initial stages.

What are the symptoms of PCOS?

The signs of PCOS are common among many people. This disease is usually characterized by:

  • Irregular periods or no periods, or periods with heavy bleeding
  • Unwanted hair growth
  • Severe acne
  • Excess weight gain
  • Hair fall or thinning of hair
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Pattern baldness
  • Low sex drive
  • Fatigue
  • Mood swings

What causes PCOS?

There is no exact cause for PCOS. But researches show that the causes for PCOS include:

  • Genetics: PCOS runs in families. If any of your family members is suffering from it, you are more likely to suffer from it.
  • Stress: Constant and unmanaged stress has a negative impact on the endocrine system and contributes to the hormonal imbalances.
  • Poor lifestyle and unhealthy eating habits: Leading an improper lifestyle and eating nutrient deficient food can cause PCOS.

Effects of PCOS:

   1    Infertility: PCOS is one of the leading causes of infertility among women. Women suffering from this disease have a disrupted menstrual cycle. This stops the ovaries to release ova and thereby prevents the victim to conceive.

   2    Sleep disorders: PCOS can cause breathlessness during sleep. This creates interruptions in sleep and makes you sleep-deprived.

   3    Irregular menstrual cycle: Women suffering from PCOS undergo irregularity in menstrual periods and this reduces the chances of becoming pregnant.

   4    Increased risk of other diseases:  Due to the imbalance in the hormones, the insulin levels cannot be produced in sufficient amounts. This condition leads to diabetes. PCOS can also increase the risk of hypertension and heart diseases. Also, since the women suffering from PCOS fail to experience regular menstrual cycles, over time, the lining in the uterus thickens and increases the risk of endometrial cancer.

   5    Unwanted hair growth: Women suffering from this disease find unwanted hair growth in different body parts such as the face, hair, belly, and back. This condition is called hirsutism.

Is it preventable?

Since this disease has no proven cure yet, it is better to prevent the disease than trying to treat it in the advanced stages. Below are a few measures that help in preventing PCOS.

  • Eat fibre-rich and protein-rich diet. They help in boosting the immunity system.
  • Consume adequate calories to maintain ideal weight
  • If you are overweight, start exercising to shed off the extra weight
  • Stress is one of the underlying causes of PCOS. So, manage stress by practicing meditation or by doing something you enjoy, such as listening to music or painting.
  • Avoid smoking and alcohol consumption. They damage your overall health condition.

Treatment:

Sadly, there is no cure for PCOS, but with the right medication and proper lifestyle changes, it can be treated well.

Lifestyle and dietary changes:

These changes play a major role in treating PCOS. There are many proven cases where women reversed PCOS with dietary changes. So, Include vegetables, fruits, and whole foods in your diet. Try to avoid junk foods and processed foods.

Coming to lifestyle changes, try to stay active throughout the day. Don’t confine yourself to a chair but make physical movements such as walking and climbing the stairs as often as possible. Also, make sure you exercise at least five days a week for your overall health.

Medication:

As mentioned earlier, if PCOS is left untreated, it could lead to chronic and long-term diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and sometimes it can even lead to endometrial cancer. It should be remembered that PCOS is a lifelong condition. So, it must be treated at the earliest to prevent complications in the advanced stages. Talk to your gynaecologist once you spot the symptoms and make the necessary lifestyle and diet changes as suggested. Also, make sure you are using the medicines regularly, as medicines play a major role in treating PCOS. For continual usage, you can contact online medical store. They even provide medicine home delivery for your convenience.

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