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Why is My Child’s Gum Bleeding?


Bleeding gums can be disturbing and uncomfortable for adults. But, for the kids, spitting blood is scary. It may lower their self-esteem and hamper their participation in activities. Since their jaws are still developing and proper growth of their teeth is essential, early diagnosis and treatment is necessary. Of course, the best-case scenario is that no child faces issues at all. But since that is not possible, we need to prepare ourselves to handle these issues. 

Bleeding gums may be a result of a variety of factors. In most cases, you can prevent or eliminate this issue in kids with a few minor tweaks to their oral hygiene routine. Some cases may be severe and require the help of a specialist. However, one thing is for sure, in no case must a parent ignore the child’s complaints about bleeding gums. The faster you take action, the quicker you can solve the issue. Ignoring the problem may lead to severe complications. 

To treat a problem in the best manner possible, it is necessary to understand it properly. If you wish to understand an issue well, it is essential to understand the reasons behind it. If ‘Why is my child’s gum bleeding?’ is a question that plagues you, do read on as we delve deeper into the causes of bleeding gums. 

Common causes of bleeding gums amongst children:

Incorrect oral hygiene practice:

Brushing too hard and improperly may lead to irritation of gums. The inflamed gums may also bleed. Children, as well as adults, must use soft brushes to clean their teeth. The bristles of a hard brush may also affect gums and cause them to bleed. Brushing too often may also irritate gums. It is sufficient to brush the teeth twice every day. Consult your dentist regarding whether your child is old enough to use a mouthwash. The dentist may also offer recommendations about which mouthwash or toothpaste to use. A child can start flossing by himself/herself around the age of seven. Prior to that, they require parental help to do so. It is crucial to educate the children on best practices for cleaning their teeth. The good habits formed at this stage will continue to help them later. 

Gum diseases and other dental issues:

Though this is difficult to acknowledge and comprehend, gum diseases may affect children, including toddlers. Genetics may also play a part in this. The risk of gum diseases increases with certain diseases. One of the first symptoms of gum diseases is bleeding gums. If your child complains about bleeding gums, check the child’s mouth for plaque. Take the child to a dental healthcare practitioner to check for possible gum disease. Early treatment of gum diseases is crucial. If left untreated, the infection from gum diseases may affect overall health.

Loose and shaky teeth may also cause gum bleeding. Gums may even bleed due to the friction from newly erupting teeth. Bleeding may also result from injuries to the gums and teeth. There are times when your child’s teeth may require the protection of crowns. Ill-fitting crowns can make it harder to clean around the area and lead to building up of plaque. The gums in that area can eventually start bleeding. If, for any reason, your child’s teeth need dental crowns, look for good quality pediatric crowns kit. An appropriately crafted crown will help the tooth and provide comfort. 

Nutritional deficiencies:

Deficiencies of certain nutrients can also lead to bleeding gums. Even though parents try their best to feed healthy food to their children, nutritional deficiencies may sometimes creep in and cause issues. The most common culprit is the deficiency of Vitamin C. Acute deficiency of Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) results in a condition called scurvy. One of the symptoms of scurvy are swollen red gums that bleed with the slightest friction. In this case, the issue is easily treated with vitamin supplements. The deficiency of vitamin K can also lead to bleeding gums. A general doctor will be able to tell you about the nutritional deficiencies in the child after some tests. 

Certain disorders or medications:

Bleeding while brushing can be a sign of a disorder like hemophilia. Such disorders also have other symptoms and require a detailed investigation. Some children may also suffer from bleeding gums due to the dryness of gums. Blood-thinning medications or the side effects of some medicines may also lead to bleeding of gums. If medications are causing the issue, never change or discontinue them on your own. You must consult your doctor and ask him/her to prescribe some other medicines for your child. 

If and when you notice your child’s bleeding gums, do not panic or take the issue lightly. Bleeding gums call for caution and action, but also the understanding that it is an issue that is easily treatable. As we mentioned above, bleeding gums can have several underlying reasons. In fact, at times, bleeding gums may help the diagnosis and treatment of other severe conditions. Your prompt action will help return the smile to the face of your child. 

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