Human immunodeficiency virus or HIV is a deadly virus that destroys the significant diseases fighting cells in a person, thus rendering him immensely weak and illness-prone. There is no sure shot cure for this fatal ailment but research is going on. Nevertheless, it can be greatly controlled by the intake of proper care and medication. It is a sad fact that, at present, AIDS in Alabama is widespread and has affected a major portion of the population there. The basic factors that are responsible for the occurrence and expansion of this illness are sex with infected partners, their living factors and their risk behaviors.
Here we shall study the three stages of HIV in details.
- Acute HIV infection
Once infected, with the passing of about two or three weeks, it is likely that the patient will experience a flu-like illness. This can sometimes be contagious. However, many a time, there are no symptoms evident, and hence, for a long time, the patient is unaware of his health condition. In this regard, NAT or the nucleic acid test is compulsory.
- Clinical latency
This stage is also known as chronic HIV infection. At a point, the virus surely reproduces, but at gradual levels. If the patient is not under any medication, this stage can last for a longer period while some may have a fast recovery. By the end of this stage, the viral count greatly increases and the cd4 cell count starts getting low. Symptoms start to show up and the patient gradually slips into the third stage.
- Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
This is the worse phase of the whole sickness. By this time, the immune system gets totally damaged, and the patient may experience some typical symptoms like swollen lymph glands, weakness and weight loss, fever, chills and sweats. In the absence of the right treatment, usually, a patient survives for about 3 years or so.
Thus, to sum up about the AIDS in Alabama, here are some pointers that should be taken into consideration.
- AIDS has 3 stages and the severity and symptoms differ from person to person
- Stage 1 can feel like flu but only a few experience it
- Stage 2 may last for tens or more years
- Stage 3 results in a badly damaged immune system
- The earlier a person is diagnosed and treated with HIV, the better