Air-filled spaces inside your cheekbones, forehead, and behind the bridge of your nose is sinus. A sinus infection causes infection in the nasal passages clogged sinuses can give you pain and pressure above your nose and between your eyes. Sinus Pressure and nasal congestion have many causes like cold, flu, allergies, to name a few. When you get cold or allergies, the nasal membranes get stuffed up from the mucous. This makes the nose feel stuffed up and increases the tension between the T zone.
What causes sinusitis?
Most sinus infections do not need to be treated with antibiotics, they usually stay for 7-10 days, but that time could be extremely miserable.
If you have a cold that wouldn’t just go away, chances are it is sinusitis. It starts when the nasal passage gets blocked due to inflammation or congestion, leading to facial pressure or pain and stuffy nose. What fuels the growth of these symptoms?
- Viruses and Bacteria: The most common causes are bacteria and viruses. The fluid in this condition becomes trapped in the nasal passage and serves as a breeding ground for germs, making conditions even worse.
- Pollutants: Chemicals or dusty particles in the air can trigger the symptoms leading to the stuffiness of mucous and further uneasiness.
- Allergies: People allergic to dust, pollen, or animal hair can find themselves sneezing and rubbing their noses. The condition gets worse if you’re prone to the common cold, leading to respiratory tract infections.
- Weakened Immunity: Lower immunity means a higher risk of catching the illness. We do breathe in a lot of pollutants, and any inability to purify them could mean an open invitation for the germs to settle inside and multiply, leading to extreme respiratory hindrances.
Spot the difference:
The main difference between sinusitis and cold is the duration of symptoms. The air-filled sacs behind the nose are called sinuses, due to dust, bacteria and regular flu, the sinuses swell up, and there are chances of infection.
- Cold can last for 7-10 days, whereas sinusitis can last for anywhere between 4 weeks to as long as 3 months. Another significant difference between the symptoms includes pressure buildup behind the eyes and around the nose, cheeks, and forehead. Moreover, a thick yellow-green nasal discharge is also very commonly seen during sinusitis.
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Decongestants or Antihistamines:
Congestion is usually caused by cold and upper respiratory infection or allergies. It’s when your nose feels stuffed up, an Antihistamine generally won’t help. So what’s the difference between the two?
A combination of Decongestants and antihistamines is used to target the stuffy nose and allergies,
- A decongestant reduces nasal swelling, which relieves the feeling of pressure and improves airflow, making breathing a lot better.
- Histamine is a chemical that our body produces, which causes tissues in our nose to itch and swell. An antihistamine works by blocking the histamines. It helps in relieving our runny nose as well as easing our sneezing.
Generally, you can buy an over the counter combination of the two, that are marketed as cold remedies. These combination medications often aim to reduce one side effect with a drug that has an opposite side effect. For example, combining a decongestant like pseudoephedrine (this causes insomnia) with an antihistamine like Benadryl (this causes sleepiness). They work neutralizing impacts, but is it safe?
Decongestants come in the form of pills or nasal sprays. Some of these can cause a condition called rebound congestion. It may lead to clearing of nasal congestion, but also causes an increase of blood pressure and heart rate. Men with an enlarged prostate can find it extremely difficult to urinate while using decongestants.
Do we have any alternative?
A person can treat decongestion and sinus pressure with medications, but because of the increased risk of complexities, it is better to go for natural ways. There are plenty of home remedies that may help to ease the symptoms and also speed up the recovery.
- Saline nasal spray: This is one of the most effective remedies to relieve sinus infection, all you need is to combine :
- ¼pint of clean water
- ¼ teaspoon of salt
- ¼ teaspoon of baking soda
Use sterile water and a clean, dry spray bottle, spray the solution into the nostril and do this 2-3 times a day.
- Steam Breathing: This can help to make the mucous membrane moist; you can also use a humidifier for the same purpose.
- Neti pot: These are small teapot-shaped devices with a long sprout, this helps the person to rinse out the nose by themselves hence making the mucous membrane moist. All you have to do is to pour water into the nostril and breathe through the mouth. Repeat the process with both nostrils so that bacteria and pollen can flush out.
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- Hydration: It is the key to any problem, keeping oneself hydrated not just makes us feel better but in such a condition. One requires to maintain a moist mucus so that it can leave the nasal passage quickly, without causing stuffiness.
- Eucalyptus oil: It is an extremely effective natural decongestant. But, don’t apply it directly on the skin or else it will burn, try breathing in it to kill the germs. You can pour a few drops on a tissue and keep it close to your nose or pour a few drops on your pillowcase, it could even be added to the hot water, and one can take steam through it.
Sinus congestion can mostly occur due to the breeding of bacteria and to treat it, one needs consistency. These home remedies can boost the recovery process for the patient. However, if the symptoms don’t seem like going away, it’s better to see a doctor. You should not let the infection spread higher, so seek professional help as soon as possible. We hope we helped!
Jennifer is a wellness lifestyle writer. She loves sharing her thoughts and personal experiences related to fitness, yoga, and natural remedies, through her writing. She can connect with others experiencing health concerns and help them through their recovery journeys through natural remedies.